Both adversity quotient and social intelligence are crucial for handling stress and appropriate behavior of people during interpersonal interactions. The adversity quotient is one that makes people go through rough phases in life and come out of it without losing their centres. Social intelligence is what makes people to be able to build network of friends and maintain it over a long period of time. This study aims to understand what adversity quotient and social intelligence are, and how different they are from one another. Extensive literature review was done from existing journals and books. Drawing inference from the literatures it was found that both adversity quotient and social intelligence are extremely necessary for a sound mind and appropriate social behavior. This review article could be extended to descriptive research paper for future studies to test for significant influence of adversity quotient on social intelligence.