Examining the Relationship of Herzberg’s Motivation - Hygiene Theory Towards Turnover Intention of Military Officers
The officers in the military either Short Service Commission (SSC) or Regular Commission cover most aspects in military operation such as planning and deployment, acquisition, storage, transport, distribution, maintenance, health service support, evacuation and disposition of material. Thus, following by the huge workload and work stress, the military officers are having high intention in turnover decision. The slow rank promotion among military officers demoralizes them in their working condition. Hence, this had decreased their work commitment in their workplace. Turnover will become a huge problem for the military organization. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the Herzberg . Motivation-Hygiene Theory or also known as Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory that contributes to turnover intention amongst military Short Service Commission Officer (SSCO). It addresses the motivation factors (achievement, career advancement and recognition) and hygiene factors (personal life, rate of pay and working condition) with the discussions on the model of the Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory. The instrument used in this study was adopted from Ghanbahadur  and adapted to military setting. Survey questionnaire was distributed to 210 respondents. Findings from the study have found that the six independent variables (personal life, rate of pay, working condition, achievement, career advancement and recognition) has no relationship. Therefore, all null hypotheses are accepted with negative values for all the independent variables. None of the factors contribute to turnover intention.