The Bukhara khanate (emirate) is one of the largest country in Central Asia in the XVI – first half of the XX centuries (1500-1920). The study of the history of this period began centuries ago. However, searching for the sources, especially systematizing and studying them, began in the 20th century[1]. But, the theme “The creative activity of the Bukhara khans” has not been studied separately and specifically. It is well-known that the studies, literature and articles in the period of Soviet did not illuminate adequately the life and enterprise of the Bukhara khans. The article contains information according to the historical sources written in the 16th-20th centuries about contribution to the construction works of the khans and emirs of  Bukhara.