Academic writing is an essential skill required for all academicians, scholars, researchers, and students. Writing a report in the academic world needs creativity as well as scientific reasoning. It should be persuasive the reader through its quality and scientific way of presenting the ideas. Hence acquiring academic writing skill is essential to all the academicians, in order to present their ideas, thoughts and findings to the readers. Though their many sources for academic writing, this paper aims to discuss the essentials of academic writing and the general guidelines for writing an academic paper focusing on the three phases of writing; before writing, while writing and after writing.